Explanatory essay belongs to the family of synthesis essays, therefore, the goal of explanatory essay is to explain a certain topic, phenomenon or a subject in a particular manner. The objective of explanatory essays is to present the descriptive information in an orderly, clear and succinct manner. To achieve the goal and objective the writer has to carry out proper synthesis of the existing sources, opinions, ideas, facts, and findings on the given topic and subsequently present it in a form of an explanatory essay. Since explanatory essay calls for preliminary synthesis of material and information that will be presented in the paper in an understandable and orderly manner, the writer must choose how to break down the subject of the essay into constituent parts, that will be explored, researched, and analyzed, and based on the preliminary synthesis, put in the final version of the explanatory essay.
Explanatory essay requires explanations and supportive materials (facts, findings, data, quotes) so that the audience always understands everything from the beginning to the very end. This type of essay calls for objective explanation, therefore, it should not include unverified information, and should not be based on the writer’s personal opinion. If the writer considers his opinion to be of great importance, it is possible to include that opinion in the paragraph just prior to the conclusion, and note why this opinion matters and why it should be included. Otherwise, explanatory essay has a typical structure that most other essays have.
Introduction of explanatory essay.
The introduction of an explanatory essay sets the stage and explains what the paper (body part) will be about. It introduces the topic, the sub-topics, and the constituent parts that will be subsequently explored in the paper. Although there is no formal restriction, but generally an introduction should be limited to 5-7 sentences only.
Body of explanatory essay.
The body part of the explanatory essay directly addresses the topic and supports all facts and opinions with quotes and references. It is important to rely on the verified, quality, academic sources. The information should be presented in an unequivocal, unbiased and professional manner. There is no need to need to cover different points of view, so unlike, for instance, in argumentative papers, it is possible to focus on only those facts and references that support your position and explain the given topic, phenomenon or subject without having to mention contentious views and different opinions.
Conclusion of explanatory essay.
The conclusion of an explanatory essay summarizes what was said in the body part of the essay. This is where it looks similar to other types of essays. There is no restriction as to the length of a conclusion, but the rule of thumb is that it should not be over 10 sentences. What is more important, no new information should be presented in the conclusion. Conclusion of an explanatory essay only summarizes the findings that are already explained in the body part of the essay.
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